Task One- The History of Film Editing
Cinematography was invented in 1895 by the Lumiere brothers. It was a three in one device that recorded, captured and projected moving pictures. Or motion picture. However in 1901, Edwin S. Porter showed that film didn’t have to be one long still. He also used the original footage to tell a different story that what it was originally meant to be. In 1908 D.W Griffiths used the first continuity cut in his film “For Love of God”. After this Griffiths realised that characters emotions could be portrayed in a different way by using different camera angles and the pace of editing was changed. Griffiths was given credit for the narrative of a film, the production of the first American feature and the discovery of the close up.
Camera techniques such as panoramic long shots, iris effect, still shots, cross cutting and panning shot, these techniques are still used today to create films. These techniques were shown in a short film called “The Birth of a Nation” which was based on a 1915 novel called the “Clansman”.
Eisenstein said that film montages could create different ideas from an average film. Montages were created by a Russian director called Lev Kuleshov, who thought that the audience of a film would respond better to a montage scene. Eisenstein demonstrated this with his, 1925 Battleship Potemkin- Montage.
Analogue Editing was used before computer editing. The film was cut down and pasted into an order, it was then put though a machine such as a Moviola or K.E.M. Digital editing is a much faster way for editing for film. We now used Final Cut Pro, IMovie, Adode Premier, etc. This is where effects are added. It is easier because there is a timeline where you can see where everything is and change it to how you want it.
Due to the type of software we have available these days we are able to make films more interesting for the audience thought the use of; camera angles, narrative, actors, etc. In “House of Darkness” by D.W. Griffiths, we can see how he has used some of the aspects of editing such as fades, however its nothing compared to what we have today. Also films nowadays such as Superman or Batman use a lot of special effects which makes the film more appealing to the audience.